Nov 21

Relation of Serum Uric Acid and Cardiovascular Events in Adults Aged 20-49 Years

Regardless of the normal range recorded by laboratory results, uric acid under the microscope is a crystal, or the analogy would be a piece of shattered glass, we emphasize water between meals to minimize endothelial damage of arteries, reduces risk of stones, arthritis, and other inflammatory conditions.

Relation of serum uric acid and cardiovascular events in adults aged 20-49 years
Seki H, Kaneko H, Morita H, et al
Serum uric acid (SUA) was reported to be associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the relationship between SUA and CVD among young adults has not been clarified yet. In this study, we aimed to identify the association of medication naïve SUA with incident CVD including myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) using a nationwide epidemiological database. We analyzed 353,613 participants aged 20-49 years, who were not taking UA lowering medications, and had no prevalent history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) using a nationwide health claims database collected in the JMDC Claims Database between 2005 and 2018. Median [interquartile range] age was 40 [34-44] years, and 46.9% were men. Over a mean follow-up of 1,176±876 days, 391 (0.1%) incident MI, 1,308 (0.4%) incident stroke, 3,374 (1.0%) incident HF, and 684 (0.2%) incident AF events occurred. Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test showed that there was a significant difference in incident MI, stroke, HF, and AF among the groups based on SUA tertile (all log-rank p< 0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that the upper tertile of SUA (SUA ≥ 5.7 mg/dL) was associated with higher incidence of MI (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.00-2.10), HF (HR 1.13, 95% CI 1.01-1.28), and AF (HR 1.35, 95% CI 1.02-1.78) compared with the first tertile of SUA (SUA < 4.4 mg/dL). SUA as continuous variable was independently associated with incident MI (HR 1.10, 95% CI 1.00-1.20), stroke (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.00-1.11), HF (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.03-1.10), and AF (HR 1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.19). SUA ≥ 7.0 mg/dL was independently associated with incident HF (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.12-1.38). In conclusion, higher SUA was associated with increased incidence of CVD events in individuals aged< 50 years, suggesting the potential significance of the optimal UA control for the primary CVD prevention even in young adults.

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